The season of Turkey’s rice planting that normally begins at the end of April and goes on till the end of May has started for 2017. According to Turkish government rules, farmers need to have permission to grow paddy rice. Each county should establish a paddy rice commission and farmers must apply to the commission and receive permission to grow paddy rice. Although the year 2016 has been very difficult for Turkey’s grain market sector due to political, security, and economic instability, it is expected that the planting area will not decrease, according to permission requests to grow paddy rice so far in the main planting areas such as Edirne and Gonen. Edirne region produces more than 50 percent of country’s paddy rice production. Cankiri and Corum region produce nearly a quarter of Turkey’s paddy rice production. After some consolidation of fields in Kizilirmak region, it is projected planting area will increase in that region. But the exact numbers will be clear after May once the planting stops. Rice yields depend on rainfall at the end of August and early September. The harvest normally begins in September and ends in October.
Osmancik and Baldo varieties are the well-known varieties among farmers and consumers, and have dominated the region for many years. Paddy rice production is forecast at 780,000 MT, with a slight increase in planting area in MY 2017/18 as the new varieties such as Cammeo, Galileo, Ronaldo, and Luna are catching farmers’ attention in term of high yields and high milling rates and are becoming more popular. According to market sources in 2017/18, it will be first time that new varieties have exceeded 35 percent of all planted area. In 2017/18, stocks are forecast to at 72,000 MT, similar with the prior year. Even processors and importers have hesitated to keep positions due to risk of currency.