According to the sources, it has been reported recently that the Government of Costa Rica could declare a shortage of rice in a period of about 20 days, as per note published by the Prensa Libre newspaper. Further, as per the digital portal of the media, Eliécer Araya, President of the National Rice Corporation (Conarroz) has indicated that the sector is awaiting the results of the technical analysis to make the declaration. However, in this matter, the rice growers requested the previous month to the authorities of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG) the possibility of ordering missing in the product nationwide .Meanwhile, it has also been insisted that the country has sufficient capacity to produce, so a declaration on this measure is needed, after observing a heavily impact by the fallout generated due to El Niño.
Further, in this context, Mr Araya said on last Monday that the Minister of Agriculture, Luis Felipe Arauz, visited the facilities of Conarroz to complete these technical studies. According to the rice representative, it was the same Arauz who told them that in the next three weeks it could give the firm a shortage of the product. The visit of the Minister to Conarroz offices in the Board, served to explain the technical issues which we are being discussed. Apparently, in about 22 days the decree would be signed to say that there is shortage, as it has been told. Further, the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Commerce (MEIC) had narrated weeks ago that it needed to do technical assessments to determine a product shortage nationwide. According to estimates Conarroz, Costa Rica imports about 50% of the rice used for consumption.
In view of the shortage, it has been revealed that the phenomenon of El Niño, boosted by climate change in recent years, caused the "dry corridor" in Central America, one of the most vulnerable areas of the world by unstable weather conditions and has been facing the worst drought in 30 years after stringing large unfavorable periods. In addition, since 2012, a rain in Central America and resist drought has affected crops in the year 2013, 2014 and 2015. This phenomenon is also responsible for the loss of between 70% and 80% of the production of maize and beans and the diet of families in the "dry corridor “too.