Philippine is the world’s largest rice importer having a total of 100 million rice eaters with 2 million added every year.
Although Philippine has 43,000 square kilometers of rice fields to produce rice for its nation need but its in house rice production in Philippine is more costly than that of Vietnamese and Thai farmers, so the Philippine prefer to import rice.
The Philippine has decided to import 1.6 million tons of rice for its next year need mostly from Vietnam and Thailand. Country’s rice production capability is up to 6,344 kilos of rice per hectare which is lesser than those of Vietnam, Indonesia, and China. Their respective production per hectare is 6,808 kilos, 6,675 kilos, 6,549 kilos per hectare.
Where the country faces problem in rice production, the solutions have to be seen by the countries government planners.
Last year the Department of Agriculture conducted a programme called “Palayabangan: The 10-5 Challenge,” referring to the goal of producing 10 tons of rice per hectare at a cost of P5 per hectare.
Isabela is one who succeeded in meeting the challenge, producing 10.55 tons per hectare, at a cost of only P4.97 per kilo.
Now it is to see that what the Philippine farmers will do to adopt the new techniques and methods as adopted in Isabela farm. Aside using high yield seeds, innovations in land preparation, in the use of fertilizers and pesticides, in irrigation, in harvesting, etc., played a part in the achievement of the goal.
There is a need of developing the rice industry and the rest of Philippine agriculture, not only for our needs but also for export. The GDP of the country is mostly poor in the agriculture sector. We need to improve the GDP in this sector which makes its proper contribution to the national growth.