Rice which is to consider as more water consumer will not effect India’s econony growth rate as it is not dependent on the monsoon.
In past if monsoon comes late or monsoon rains are less then it was a big issue for indian farmers but thanks to hybrid varieties of rice or drought resistant rice that farmers have not to worry for the monsoon rainfall as these variety of rice requires 25% less water.
This year the monsoon in the northern India have come late yet the yield of rice is not poor in the area as farmers have grown hybrid variety of rice.Two decades ago, a bad monsoon could cut India’s annual economic growth rate in half. Today, the impact is relatively minor, in part because new seeds and advances in drip irrigation and other agricultural technologies are helping to cushion farmers and the economy.
The monsoon dependent summer crops now accounts for 50% of total agricultural output which is down by about 66% and shifting of country’s economy only on agriculture has reduced the issues farmers have to face due to poor monsoons.
According to Hiroyuki Konuma, a Bangkok-based assistant director general of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization. has said that since the rainfall across northern India is about 60% below the normal level but still , India’s production of unhusked rice is expected to be down just 1.2% from last year’s level of 159.4 million metric tons
Since the overall rice output is slightly down this year but the output of higher value basmati rice will exceed this years as farmers in the northern India plants less water consuming varieties of rice so India is expected to export 9.7 million this year too.
The two new hybrid variety of basmati rice-Pusa 1121 and Pusa 1509 which were developed by scientists at the New Delhi-headquartered Indian Agricultural Research Institute have increased the yield of rice about 5 tons to 6 tons per hectare (2.5 acres) compared with 3 tons to 4 tons per hectare. and have benefited the farmers more than earlier.
If we talk about Pusa 1121 hybrid which was introduced to farmers in 2003.This variety of basmati rice contribues to about 75% of total India’s basmati export.
After the success of Pusa 1121 hybrid the scientist introduced the new variety called 1509, introduced last year which surpasses the 1121 .
Ashok K. Singh, a rice project leader at IARI said that 1509 takes just about 110 to 120 days to mature, compared with the 145 days needed by previous varieties, including 1121.
With the draught like conditions in the country we can eaisly judge that how much difference this two varieties can make,said Mr Singh
With the onset of the monsoon rains delayed by more than a month this year in his part of the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, Satpal, a farmer who goes by one name, drove on his tractor all the way to the neighboring state of Haryana to buy a sack of seeds for the 1509 rice variety.