Estimated loss in the agriculture sector due to climate change in Tanzania is about $200 million per year. To overcome this problem the government has brought the climate agenda in line with agriculture development and food security policies. The climate change considerations are now mainstreamed into national development planning and budget allocations. The country also intends to invest more in research on climate-smart agriculture to inform decision-making and involve private partners for additional investment in the sector.
Tanzania has focused towards building resilience of agricultural and food production systems in the face of climate change and fostering adoption of climate smart agriculture, as a national policy. For example, rice-farming techniques that use less water were introduced several years ago in five Tanzanian regions – Morogoro, Iringa, Lake Zone, Shinyanga and Mbeya – are used now by around 30 percent of all rice producers in those areas. The farmers have already seen their yields increase while using less water resources – which is particularly important for these drought-prone areas – and are eager to switch to new varieties of rice seeds. Apart from this the National researchers have also developed special breeds of high-yielding dairy cows and introduced them to livestock farmers in the field enabling them to cut down the number of cattle while increasing their income. This in turn has helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions in livestock production and prevent grazing damage to crops.