The production of basmati rice in the traditional growing areas of country like Haryana,Punjab,Uttrakhand have touched a new height after the adoption of new basmati variety of rice called Pusa 1509.
Pusa 1509 yield high results last year which again tempted the farmers to plant the aromatic rice on a record area of 2.1 million hectares (mh), an increase of 31 per cent over last year’s acreage of 1.6 mh. Bulk of this increase is driven by the Pusa 1509 variety.
Rajen Sundaresan,Secretary of The All India Rice Exporters Association,has said that with the view point of area under cultivation of rice has increased at around 8.4 million tonnes (mt) against last year’s 6.6 mt. Pusa 1509 has planted on a record area of 2.1 million hectares (mh), an increase of 31 per cent over last year’s acreage of 1.6 mh whereas Pusa 1121 has planted on the 1.16 mh, almost same as that of last year.
Adoption by farmers
Pusa 1509 has been like a in hand for farmers of haryana and some part of punjab who has suffered drought this year as it require less amount of water and has more resistance to pest attacks has seen a quantum leap.The acreage under 1509 has touched a little less than half-a-million hectare at 4.92 lakh ha against last year’s 5,000 hectares. The most aromatic rice variety HBC 19 or Taroari Basmati and CSR 30 have seen a slight increase in area mainly in Haryana and Punjab, Sundaresan said.
Yield and prices
Pusa 1509 has been known for a great yield before Pusa 1121 or other rice variety.The harvested rice crop has reached mandi and farmers are being paid a price of about Rs. 3,200 a quintal and their realisations are around Rs.90,000-1 lakh per acre.The average yield levels are increased around 24-25 quintals/acre against an average of 20 quintals/acre for the 1121 variety.
India is the largest rice exporter of world.It has been able to earn a handsome amount of Rs. 29,299 crore. with the shipment of 3.75 million tonnes
Iran the traditional buyer for the Indian basmati has been sluggish after Iran has increased import duty to around 40 per cent from the earlier 22 per cent.