A news of GHOTIKI, Pakistan -Growing more rice on water shortage land of Pakistan is not worthy as the Pakistan land is more prone to drought-like conditions, poor rains or low irrigation supplies.

This will make the future of  Pakistan’s southern Sindh province into dark.The Districts like Ghotki, Sanghar will face a lot of problems in the future as the farmers over their has switched from cotton crop to rice crop.

But experts worry that a large-scale shift to rice in southern Pakistan could ultimately be a failed adaptation to worsening climate impacts. The levels of underground aquifers that feed agricultural irrigation are dropping, as is the flow of the Indus River, a lifeline for Pakistan’s agriculture.

That is quickly turning Pakistan into one of the world’s most water-stressed countries – and a place where planting more water-hungry rice may not make sense.

The Paddy cultivation requires twice as much as water as required for other crops like cotton, wheat, sugarcane and vegetable .pakistan

Taking views of the two farmers from Ghotki, Sanghar , a farmer in Ghotki Ali Usman has switched to rice,saying that growing crop is much more  resilient to the country’s increasing flooding and erratic rains. He owns nine-hectare (22 acre) paddy rice field But over the last decade, heavy rains have damaged his cotton, particularly when it was near harvest in October and November. Shifting to rice has helped, he said.

Pervaiz Amir, an agro-economist and water expert at the Pakistan Water Partnership  said that it will not be beneficial for the pakistani farmers to sustain on rice.but may be his message has not reached to the farmers of Sanghar, the largest cotton growing area in Sindh province as until 2008 rice was unknown to farmers in Sanghar as the half of the land was for cotton.

Saqib Ahmed Soomro, secretary of the agriculture department, express his department concern about the falling growth rate  of cotton. the cotton growth rate had fallen by 40 percent in Sanghar since 2010-2011, and overall losses of 25,000 hectares of cotton in the province.

In Sindh, cotton is now sown on 600,000 to 650,000 hectares while rice is sown on 700,000 to 750,000 hectares, according to the agriculture department, while four years ago the situation was almost the reverse, Soomro said.

 Reporting to the Indus River System Authority in Lahore and senior officials in the Federal Water and Power Ministry Amir said that in 1945, the Indus River system that feeds Pakistan’s agriculture flowed at 194 million acre-feet a year. Now that has dropped to 94 acre-feet a year.

Erratic rainfall means underground aquifers will not recharge effectively while they continue to be overused.There is a pressing need to adopt smart farming techniques which – among other things – stress water efficient farm technology to sow more crops per cubic meter of water,” which  will help “cope with the emerging water scenario for Pakistan.”