As per report in Newsweek a group of scientists from 12 universities in eight countries is working to develop a new strain of “hyperefficient and drought-resistant rice known as C4”. It is around the world researchers who are trying to improve the productivity of all crops being grown for human food and livestock feed, but improved rice could have the most impact on feeding a population of more than 9 billion in 2050. The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) has indicated that each hectare of land (2.5 acres) in Asia produces food for about 27 people, but that hectare with new rice strain will have to feed 43 by 2050.
Further, while going through a scientific explanation about the difference between C3 and C4 plants (rice grows with a C3 process and barley is a C4). In addition, it indicates that scientists are expecting the weather cycle to cause more droughts and the weather to be less hospitable to conventional rice production. Furthermore, conversion of rice from being a C3 to a C4 will result in genetically modified (GM) rice. The scientists involved don’t see scientific development of C4 rice as being much different than the evolution of other plants over time.
In this matter, further, a scientist has quoted on explaining that GMO rice cannot be dismissed as a solution to feeding the world because GMO rice will be safe to grow and consume and it is definitely better than no food at all. Moreover, it has also been noted that in the article, it is conventional rice production’s negative influence on the earth’s atmosphere because growing rice accounts for 20 percent of the global greenhouse gas of methane.