It has been reported recently that Myanmar is planning to replace white rice with parboiled rice for local consumption referring to health and cost benefits of it. A campaign has been introduced by the Ministry of Health and Myanmar Rice Millers Association (MRMA) to promote the use of parboiled rice.
The secretary of MRMA has commented that parboiled rice is much more nutritious and has Vitamin C. As parboiled rice is produced by steaming and drying before being crushed , hence it yields full nutrition unlike white rice which has broken rice content and it also loses vitamin B1 content when rinsed.
The foreign demand for Myanmar’s parboiled rice is increased. According to the Myanmar Rice Industry Association (MRIA), Myanmar’s parboiled rice exports are likely to reach to 300,000 tons in the fiscal year 2014-15 (April – March), which is up by nine times from a mere 30,000 tons in 2013-14.
According to a Board Director of Myanmar Agribusiness Public Corporation (MAPC) the government has decided to increase the capacity of parboiled rice in the country to 300,000 tons per annum. He commented that the government has completed 90% of new parboiled mills’ construction and expects to make them ready before the monsoon harvest.
He also informed that ten imported steam-rice machines from Japan, which have the capacity to produce up to 1,800 tons of parboiled rice per day with proper electric supply, are being installed in these mills, adding that parboiled rice mills with smaller capacities of 50-ton and 100-ton per day are also being constructed.
Currently Myanmar’s total rice exports in FY 2013-14 declined about 29% to one million tons from previous year because of lesser demand in China and political turmoil in Thailand. However it is expected that Myanmar will export up to 1.5 million tons of rice in FY 2014-15.
As per USDA estimates Myanmar to produce 12.15 million tons rice in MY 2014-15 (January – December) and export 1.3 million tons in 2014.