As the government has passed recently the National Food Security Bill (NFSB) which guarantees to provide food grains to 75% of rural population and 50% of urban population has increased pressure on the center government to produce more and more food grains so they have switched to hybrid technologies for higher yields and hence the economy of the country depends on hybrid food variety which includes hybrid rice also.
Hybrid rice has its own advantage in terms of both profit and yield.The yield produce by Hybrid rice is much higher than normal rice or very good varieties of rice which are known for there yields.The yield with hybrid varieties can be increased upto 15-20%.Farmers can grow hybrid variety of food grains including vegetables and hence can increase the yields.
The government has set a target to increase area under the hybrid rice cultivation upto 25% by 2015.The hybrid rice is still unknown to many farmers in the India. It is well adopted in china and has improved food security for an estimated 60 million people per year.The adoption rate of the Hybrid rice in India is still slower than that of China.
The low rate of adoption is largely due to poor grain quality and the resulting low market price, difficulties in achieving high rates of heterosis in tropical hybrids, high hybrid seed cost, limited availability of quality seeds, and hybrids not suited to ultimate consumers’ tastes and preferences. These are just a few of the main challenges facing the expansion of hybrid rice in India.
India’s hybrid rice is currently grown in the eastern and northern parts of the country, where yields have historically been low and where the yield gains attributable to hybrids are most apparent; currently 80% of India’s hybrid rice is limited to areas such as Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand