Cambodian farmers planting rice. 2004. Photo: Brad CollisAs per sources, it has been indicated that to help farmers and other professionals with pest management techniques, the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has published the “Manual of integrated pest management”, which is in line with the standards to be followed under the National Action Plan (PAN). The PAN is the European Directive on the sustainable use of plant protection products which has to be followed by all the EU states. It was approved in Italy through an inter-ministerial decree on January 22, 2014 in Italy. However, it was not implemented last year. A new official order was approved on March 2015 and it is mandatory for all farmers and other professional users of plant protection products to follow the new decree.

Further, in this regard, it has been stated that the manual published by the Italian Agriculture Ministry contains tips to be followed by the stakeholders to easily abide by the PAN rules. It has been prepared with the guidance of several experts. Furthermore, the European legislation on the use of pesticides in agriculture prioritizes the protection of human health and environmental protection. The first directive on the sustainable use of pesticides has been released on October 21, 2009, which deals with the sustainable plant protection products in an organic way.

According to the new directive, it deals with tackling aspects of residue in food and investing, non-agricultural uses such as protection of public parks, drinking water and bathing, weeding of roads and railways as well as the health of the agricultural workers who can come into contact with pesticides accidentally. Further, the emphasis is also given to the protection of the most vulnerable group of people, including children, the elderly and pregnant women.