Apart from, the increase death rate caused by the Ebola Virus ,it has also created psychological effect by creating the environment of fear and tension which has created imbalance between various social and economical activities in the country.
Ronak Gopaldas, head of country risk at Rand Merchant Bank, to an interview on cnbcafrica.com had told that Ebola has affected the economical and commercial activities of the country.
Since the start of spread of epidemic many traders from the fear of being affected by the virus had stopped trade with the the areas where this has created a threat and hence affected the economical position of that area which are already under the poverty condition.
Many international companies have also halted their operation in such areas and if it continue to persists for a long period than it could affect those areas significantly, Gopaldas said.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Ebola virus disease is a severe often fatal illness with a case fatality rate of up to 90 per cent. It is one of the world’s most virulent diseases.
Till 1 August 2014, a total of 1603 cases have been confirmed and reported to the WHO, with 887 deaths across Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria since March 2014.
The WHO along with West African leaders recently launched a joint 100 million US dollar response plan as part of an intensified, regional and national campaign to bring the outbreak under control.
Signs and symptoms
- EVD is a severe acute viral illness often characterized by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea , rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.
- People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus. Ebola virus was isolated from semen 61 days after onset of illness in a man who was infected in a laboratory.
- The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms, is 2 to 21 days.
Other diseases that should be ruled out before a diagnosis of EVD can be made include: malaria, typhoid fever, shigellosis, cholera, leptospirosis, plague, rickettsiosis, relapsing fever, meningitis, hepatitis and other viral haemorrhagic fevers.
Ebola virus infections can be diagnosed definitively in a laboratory through several types of tests:
- antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
- antigen detection tests
- serum neutralization test
- reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
- electron microscopy
- virus isolation by cell culture.
Samples from patients are an extreme biohazard risk; testing should be conducted under maximum biological containment conditions.
Gopaldas said that this problem cannot be solved on a single end. To solve this problem all have to come together to help the poor areas in terms of both financial and moral.Many of the countries affected are extremely poor and their public health infrastructures are weak, so the correct medical skills and resources are required to make sure that the virus is contained.”