As per sources available, it has been reported that Scientists from the Indira Gandhi Agricultural University (IGKV) in India’s Central state Chhattisgarh has developed a slow sugar releasing variety of rice, called ‘Chhattisgarh Madhuraj paddy- 55’, which is suitable for consumption by diabetic type-II patients.
According to the Principal Scientist of IGKV, it has been narrated that it took three years to develop the rice variety. In fact, Type II diabetes is a major chronic disease and its prevalence is increasing, while various studies indicated that choice of carbohydrates, particularly those with low Glycaemic Index (GI) is able to assist in management or prevention of type II diabetes. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the variability in GI of popular improved and traditional varieties of rice and to find the genetic basis of GI.
Further, in this regard, it has been stated that the scientists screened 200 varieties amongst local rice varieties through mouse feeding trials. The findings discovered indicated that a variety called “Chaptigurmatiya” had low GI with 91% of total carbohydrates and it has slow releasing sugar tendencies. Therefore, it was then renamed as ‘Chhattisgarh Madhuraj paddy- 55’. The scientist also revealed that this variety yields about 4.2 tons per hectare and is long-grained white rice and this variety may be released into the market next year.