White grain of Low GI rice
White grain of Low GI rice

Good news for the Diabetics, You can eat rice, now! Yes, you don’t have to avoid rice completely, as researchers in India have identified a high-yielding variety of white rice with low Glycemic Index (GI) –that is not harmful for diabetic patients. The newly identified variety of white rice has low Glycemic Index (GI) which is a measurement that indicates a particular type of carbohydrate-containing food’s impact on a person’s blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level, said the team of researchers from Indira Gandhi Agriculture University (IGAU) Raipur, which was led by Department of Plant Molecular and Biotechnology’s Professor Dr Girish Chandel. The new low GI variety of rice is digested, absorbed and metabolized slowly and it breaks down more slowly into glucose after consumption, therefore causes a lower and slower release of sugar in the blood.

Since 2012, the university have been working to develop or identify a rice variety with low GI that could be fruitful for sugar patients. Interestingly, we found one of landrace of Chhattisgarh belonging to the ‘Chapati Gurmatiya’ group of rice collection, which is a traditional cultivated variety of paddy in Chhattisgarh. As the identified white rice with low GI is similar in its taste and palatability with the normally consumed rice, its consumption is not only beneficial for diabetes patients, or those at a risk of the disease, even the average consumers can add it to their healthy diet plan, according to project leader and his team. The team, however, warned that intake of the newly identified line of this race more than permissible limits can be harmful for patients suffering from diabetes.

Under these studies, a mouse feeding experiment was conducted on normal (non-diabetic) and diabetic mouse (Streptozotocin-induced) group to assess the effect of low GI rice on mouse by Chhattisgarh Council of Science and Technology, Raipur. The GI value calculated by this experiment was 54.025, which was found to be similar to that of in-vitro pGI value calculated by NutriScan GI Analyzer. The mouse model data clearly demonstrated that the effect of low GI rice on a diabetic mouse was similar to that of another diabetic mouse that was injected with glucose and their diabetic was controlled by drug. The super low Glycemic Index rice variety is most likely to be launched next month at a commercial level. Further, the identified variety of rice has GI score of 52-55 units, which is considered as diabetic-friendly. Therefore, we are planning to name it as ‘Madhuraj’ for commercial sale, according to the project leader The IGAU has also planned to release the seeds of new white rice with GI in early next year and preparing the release proposal to State Varietal Release Committee, the body meant for official release of new variety of seeds and its production is likely to begin from next wet season, as it was confirmed by IGAU Vice Chancellor Dr S K Patil.

Author

Dr. Girish Chandel, Ph D

Dr. Girish ChandelProfessor/ NE Bolaug Fellow 2006

Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur

He is Professor and officer In Charge of Plant Tissue Culture & Genetic Engineering, Gemonic’s and Crop Bio-fortification Lab, RHRRL, IGKV Raipur. He has an additional charge of Officer on Special Duty for Biotechnology, Department of Agriculture, Chhattisgarh. He is First class throughout his career. He obtained First class First in M.Sc. & Ph.D. and received University and Merit Scholarship during M.Sc. studies. He has several International work experiences. Recently he attended an Indo-German Joint Panel Meeting in Gottingen, Germany, as expert from DBT Govt of India. He Visited IRRI, Philippines to undertake doctoral thesis related research on Rice Transgenic and Bio-Safety Analysis. He also visited Phillipines several times for Rice Bio-fortification related research.

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